Chief Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti was a Nigerian educator, political campaigner, suffragist, and women’s rights activist. She was at the forefront of Nigerian women’s assault against colonialism and anti-colonial movements across West Africa.
Growing up in Nigeria, we were told oversimplified stories of unimportant facts. An example is an over-flogged statement that this great woman was the first Nigerian woman to drive a car. Her radical acts of defiance against colonial oppression and, persistent fight against the subjugation of women were omitted from these narrations.
Funmilayo founded the Abeokuta Women’s Union. This union was one of the most significant women’s organisations of the 20th-century whose membership was estimated to have reached up to 20,000 women. She fought for the furtherance of women’s access to education and political representation; the economic rights of market women; the provision of healthcare and social services for women and, the general financial liberation of Nigerian Women.
She was the first female student at Abeokuta Grammar School. From here, she went on to teach at the school for a brief stint before leaving for England. In England, she dropped her English names adopted the shortened version of her Yoruba name, Funmilayo. She married Israel Oludotun Ransome-Kuti. He was an Anglican clergyman and teacher and had children who also made lasting impacts on Nigerian history in their various spheres of life.
The work of Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti made her realise the dynamics of class struggles in the fight for the liberation of women. Ransome-Kuti acknowledged the privilege meted to her by birth. She noted that “The true position of Nigerian women had to be judged from the women who carried babies on their backs and farmed from sunrise to sunset … not women who used tea, sugar, and flour for breakfast”. Funmilayo remains one of the most iconic feminists in West-African history.
Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti’s activism served as the antecedent for many formative revolutionary movements that favoured Nigerian women and contributed to the struggle for our liberation.